Using Smart Device Sensors

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Smart devices have many capabilities that desktop systems do not. It's easy to use them using AppStudio: This Tech Note will explain how.

The information in this Tech Note is based on devices running iOS7 (or later) or Android OS (4.0) or later. Older devices and some manufacturers may not support all features. See caniuse.com for more info.

Accelerometer

Accelerometer.jpg

The Accelerometer is a sensor that returns information about the device's movement.

  • Results are returned in meters per second squared.
  • Results can be with or without taking gravity into effect.
  • Whenever motion is detected, the window_ondevicemotion function is called.


Sub window_ondevicemotion(event)
  ax = event.accelerationIncludingGravity.x;
  ay = event.accelerationIncludingGravity.y;
End Sub
  • This code sets a couple of global variables: acceleration in the x direction (horizontal) and the y direction (vertical)
  • We can use this data to move a ball around on the screen.
  • We will sample the the movement 100 times per second.
  • Based on how high the movement rate is, move the ball varying distances.
delay = 10
SetInterval(moveBall, delay)
  • SetInterval is an AppStudio function which calls a function repeatedly.
  • moveBall is the name of the function to call.
  • delay is the time, in milliseconds.
Sub moveBall()
  vy = vy + -(ay)
  vx = vx + ax

  y = parseInt(y + vy * vMultiplier)
  x = parseInt(x + vx * vMultiplier)

  'do bounds checking
  If x<0 Then
    x = 0
    vx = 0
  End if
  If y<0 Then
    y = 0
    vy = 0
  End if
  If x>document.documentElement.clientWidth-20 Then
    x = document.documentElement.clientWidth-20
    vx = 0
  End if
  If y>document.documentElement.clientHeight-20 Then
    y = document.documentElement.clientHeight-20
    vy = 0
  End if

  ball.style.top = y + "px"
  ball.style.left = x + "px"
End Sub  
  • The first 4 statements calculate the new position.
  • The next section checks to make sure the ball does not roll off the screen.
  • The last two statements do the actual movement.

The complete sample is called Accelerometer.

Camera

Camera.png

The camera is accessed using the Camera control.

The Camera control lets you take pictures using your device's camera and display them in a PictureBox. The contents of that PictureBox can be saved in a database or sent to a server. All the settings needed to take a picture can be set at design time in AppStudio: no additional code needs to be written.

The default icon is a camera icon. You can change this to a different icon or text.

The Cameral control has the same properties as a Button, with one addition, the picturebox property.

See the complete documentation here.

Compass

Compass.png
  • Certain devices have a built in compass sensor.
  • If they do, they call the ondeviceorientation() function when the compass reading changes.
  • An event object is passed to the function with the compass reading in evt.webkitCompassHeading.


function window_ondeviceorientation(evt)
  TextBox1.value=evt.webkitCompassHeading
End function
  • The Compass sample uses this information to rotate an image of a compass.
  • The webKitTransform function rotates an image efficiently.
pos="0"

function window_ondeviceorientation(e)
  imgCompass.style.webkitTransform="rotate(" & pos & "deg)"
  pos = e.webkitCompassHeading
  imgCompass.style.webkitTransform="rotate(-" & pos & "deg)"
End function

Geolocation

Geolocation.jpg
  • Geolocation uses GPS sensors to return the current location of the device.
  • The watchPosition() function sets the frequency of the Geolocation events.
  • When a Geolocation event is triggered, the function named in the watchPosition function is called.
  • The following data is passed to the event:


location.coords.longitude The current longitude of the device. GPS required.
location.coords.latitude The current latitude of the device. GPS required.
location.coords.altitude The height of the location. GPS required.
location.coords.accuracy The accuracy of the location. GPS required.
location.coords.altitudeAccuracy The accuracy of the altitude. GPS required.
location.coords.heading Degrees clockwise from North. GPS required.
location.coords.speed Speed, meter per second. GPS required.
location.coords.timestamp time and date of the observation. GPS required.
  • Here's the code to start generating geolocation events:
Dim gps
function btnStart_onclick()
  options={timeout: 5000, maximumAge: 5000, enableHighAccuracy: True}
  gps=navigator.geolocation.watchPosition(onGeolocation, errorCallBack, options)
End function
  • This code will call onGeolocation every 5 seconds.
  • If GPS data cannot be obtained, the errorCallBack function is called.
  • Cancel it by executing:
  navigator.geolocation.clearWatch(gps)
  • Here's what the onGeolocation looks like. It gets called every 5 seconds.
function onGeolocation(location)
  Dim s
  s = "Longitude: " + location.coords.longitude & vbCRLF
  s = s & "Latitude: " + location.coords.latitude & vbCRLF
  s = s & "Speed: " + location.coords.speed & " " 
  s = s & "Altitude: " + location.coords.altitude & vbCRLF
  s = s & "Accuracy: " + location.coords.accuracy & " "
  s = s & "Accuracy(altitude): " + location.coords.altitudeAccuracy & " " & vbCRLF
  'Convert timestamp if needed.
  if IsNumeric(location.timestamp) Then
    gpsDate=new Date(location.timestamp)
  else
    gpsDate=location.timestamp
  End if
  TextArea1.value = s & "Timestamp: " + gpsDate
  ShowMap(location.coords.latitude, location.coords.longitude)
End function
  • This function displays the GPS results in a TextArea.
  • The code has to deal with the problem of different browsers returning timestamp in different formats.
  • The ShowMap() function near the end displays a map from Google Maps.
function ShowMap(latitude, longitude)
  if SysInfo(10)-lastRefresh<10000 Then Exit function
  lastRefresh=SysInfo(10)
  s = "'https://maps.google.com/maps/api/staticmap?center=" & _
  latitude & "," & longitude & _
  "&zoom=14&size=300x200&maptype=roadmap&sensor=true&output=embed'"
  Map.innerHTML="<img width=300 height=200 src=" & s  & "></img>"
End function

Orientation

Here are some functions to help you determine your device's orientation:

SysInfo(0) Width of screen - actual screen size in Portrait mode
SysInfo(1) Height of screen - actual screen size in Portrait mode
SysInfo(2) Width of screen in current orientation
SysInfo(3) Height of screen in current orientation
window.orientation Returns the current screen rotation (0,90,180,-90)

Here is more information on how to respond changes in Orientation.